Choti Diwali OR Narak Chaturdashi
Choti Diwali Parva is Also Called Kali Chaudas
Choti Diwali, also known as Narak Chaturdashi or Kali Chaudas, is one of the most revered festivals in India celebrated among Hindu devotees on the day of Chaturdashi of Krishna Paksha during Kartik month.
Big Diwali is celebrated on Amavasya Tithi, one day later Choti Diwali.
During Choti Diwali, devotees wear fine clothes and perform early morning rituals to celebrate the festival. One of the reasons associated with the celebration of Choti Diwali is that it commemorates the triumph of good over evil, positive over negative, and the removal of one’s sins.
How Does Choti Diwali Differ From Badi Diwali?
According to the Indian mythological texts, Choti Diwali is celebrated to commemorate the death of the demon, Narakasura. From that day onward, the day is known as Narak Chaturdashi or Choti Diwali. Beliefs associated with the celebration of this festival are that people lit diyas to celebrate the victory over demons, thereby naming the festivity Choti Diwali since then.
How Was The Demon Narakasura Killed?
It is worth noting that Narakasura was the son of Bhudevi and Lord Varah (the incarnation of Lord Vishnu). So intractable his power grew to an extent of becoming catastrophic to the very existence of mankind and the universe, it was deemed necessary to put an end to his life. The reason Narakasura went mad with his insurmountable power was a preconceived notion of a boon that he received from Lord Brahma, making him immune to death, except by his mother, Bhudevi.
Consumed with that arrogance of power, he dared attack Lord Krishna and his wife, Satyabhama, who was none other than a part of Bhudevi’s incarnation. Thus, the devil Narakasura was killed. Before his death, Narakasura requested Satyabhama to let him live in the memory of people. She granted him the request and since then, people celebrate Choti Diwali by lighting diyas, commemorating the victory of good over evil.
The reason why Choti Diwali is also called Kali Chaudas is that this is the day when Narakasura was killed by goddess, Kali.
Badi Diwali, on the other hand, is a chief festival celebrated on Amavasya, commemorating the victory of Lord Rama over the demon king, Ravana. He, along with his wife, Sita, brother, Laxman, and some other important dignitaries, returned to his kingdom, Ayodhya after serving 14 years of exile. His comeback was celebrated by subjects of Ayodhya who lit diyas and sang devotional songs. On Badi Diwali, Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha are worshipped.
How Is Choti Diwali Celebrated?
Choti Diwali is celebrated using a variety of ingredients related to Puja, such as sandalwood, flowers, oil, etc. Prasad made of jaggery, rice flakes, and sesame seed mixed with sugar and ghee is offered to Lord Hanuman. Apart from the above methods for celebrating Choti Diwali, the festival may be celebrated differently in different parts of India, according to their respective customs.
Conclusion Choti Diwali is one of the famous festivals in India celebrated by enthusiastic devotees by lighting diyas and singing devotional songs. The festival is celebrated to commemorate the victory of good over evil and positive over negative. Reverential regard is offered to the god and goddess on this day. The day is symbolic of great happiness, aside from representing the vibrancy of Indian culture.
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